If you are a collector of stamps from Spain and its dependencies, you may be interested in downloading the Catalogo Edifil 2012 PDF. This is a comprehensive catalog that lists and values all the stamps issued by Spain and its postal territories from 1850 to 2012. It also includes information on varieties, errors, proofs, postal history, and more.
The Catalogo Edifil 2012 PDF is not available for free online, but you can purchase it from various sources. Here are some options:
You can buy the printed version of the catalog from the official website of Edifil, the publisher of the catalog. The price is 120 euros, plus shipping costs. You can order it online or by phone. The website is https://www.edifil.es/.
You can buy the digital version of the catalog from the same website. The price is 60 euros, and you can download it instantly after payment. You will need a PDF reader to open it. The website is https://www.edifil.es/.
You can buy a second-hand copy of the catalog from online platforms such as eBay or Amazon. The prices may vary depending on the condition and availability of the catalog. You can search for \"catalogo edifil 2012\" or \"catalogo edifil unificado de sellos espaÃa y dependencias postales 2012\" to find listings.
You can borrow a copy of the catalog from a library or a friend who owns one. You can also ask other stamp collectors if they have a copy that they are willing to share or sell.
The Catalogo Edifil 2012 PDF is a valuable resource for anyone who collects or studies Spanish stamps. It is updated every year with new issues and prices. However, it is not easy to find online for free, so you may have to pay for it or look for alternative sources.
If you have downloaded the Catalogo Edifil 2012 PDF, you may wonder how to use it effectively. Here are some tips:
Make sure you have the latest version of the catalog. The catalog is updated every year with new issues and prices. You can check the date of publication on the cover or the first page of the catalog.
Use the index to find the stamps you are looking for. The catalog is divided into sections according to the country or territory of origin, the period, and the type of stamp. For example, if you want to find the stamps from Spanish Morocco, you can go to the section \"EspaÃa - Dependencias Postales - Marruecos\".
Read the introduction and the notes carefully. The catalog provides useful information on the history, the postal system, the printing methods, and the grading criteria of each section. It also explains the symbols, abbreviations, and terms used in the catalog.
Compare your stamps with the illustrations and descriptions in the catalog. The catalog shows images of all the stamps in color and gives details on their dimensions, perforations, watermarks, colors, and varieties. You can use a magnifying glass, a perforation gauge, and a watermark detector to examine your stamps more closely.
Check the prices and values of your stamps. The catalog gives two prices for each stamp: one for mint condition and one for used condition. The prices are based on market trends and expert opinions. They are expressed in euros and include VAT. However, they are only indicative and may vary depending on the demand, supply, quality, and rarity of each stamp.
The Catalogo Edifil 2012 PDF is a great tool for identifying, cataloging, and valuing your Spanish stamps. However, it is not enough to rely on it alone. You should also consult other sources of information, such as books, magazines, websites, forums, dealers, auctions, and exhibitions. You should also join a stamp club or association where you can meet other collectors and exchange ideas and experiences. aa16f39245